(4 Conservation Laws Connected in Triplets) | |||||||

4 Forces of Physics ---> |
Electromagnetism | Gravitation | Strong | Weak | |||

Comments on
Rows |
FORCES |
||||||

Free Energy:massless electromagnetic (EM) radiation; space; symmetric forms; virtual particles; "global" symmetric energy state followed by symmetry-breaking; invariance of the EM constant "c"'; (reprising the "Big Bang"); (row 1) |
E N E R G Y S T A T E S |
Light: E = hv
(Planck);Invariant Motion "c"; All Charges = 0; Symmetric Free Energy ("c" gauges light's entropy drive and "non-local" distributional symmetry); Non-local, A-causal, A-temporal Energy; virtual particle- antiparticle pairs |
3-D Space; Suppression of Time by "Velocity c"; Space is Created by Light's Entropy Drive (intrinsic motion); Expansion and Cooling of Space; Conservation/Entropy Domain of Light; Light's "Interval" = 0; The Spatial Metric; Gravitational Negative Energy and Entropy; Total Energy = 0 |
(virtual) Composite and Sub-Elementary Particles; "Ylem"; Fractured Leptons; Quarks; Gluons; "Quark Soup"; Particle- Antiparticle pairs; Leptoquarks; Neutral Particles; 3 Energy "Families"; Particle Symmetry Total Charge = 0 |
(virtual) Elementary Particles; Neutrinos; Leptons; Leptoquarks; Particle Pairs; Higgs, "X" IVBs; 3 Families; Neutral Particles; Symmetry-Breaking: "Higgs Cascade"; Weak Force Asymmetric Decays; Real Particles (massive, temporal) |
||

Bound Energy:matter; history; asymmetric energy; massive real particles (due to row 1 symmetry-breaking); raw energy conservation; ("money up front"), "pay now"; temporal energy forms; loss of antimatter; (row 2) |
Immobile Mass: E = mcc; h v = mcc;(Einstein-deBroglie); Matter, Momentum; Asymmetric Bound Energy Carriers; Charges > 0; Local, Causal, Temporal Energy; "Lorentz Invariance" Invariant "Interval"; Relative Motion; Special Relativity |
Gravity; Gravitational Creation of Time from Space; Historic Spacetime; Conservation/Entropy Domain of Information and bound energy; Mass Interval > 0; Metric Asymmetry Gauged by "G"; ("intrinsic motion T" is bound energy's entropy drive); General Relativity |
Mass Carriers; Hadrons; Quarks, Mesons, Baryons, Nucleons; Atomic Nucleus; (elements); Whole Quantum Charge Units |
Alternative Charge Carriers; Leptons, Neutrinos: Electron Shell; (atoms); Higgs and IVBs Mass Scale; Elementary Particle Invariance |
|||

Charges:quantized symmetry debts (carried by particles of row 2); symmetry (charge) conservation; (mortgage, credit), "pay later"; symmetry carriers; Noether's Theorem; Maintenance of Charge Invariance; (row 3) |
Electric Charge: Asymmetry: Lost Antimatter (The Great Asymmetry); Magnetism; Electrodynamics; Charge Invariance; Quantum Mechanics; The Charges of Matter are Symmetry Debts of Light |
Gravitational Charge = "Location" Charge; "Location" Asymmetry of Bound Energy; Warped Metric; Graviton = Time; Compound Conservation/Entropy Domain of Free and Bound Energy; ("G" is the entropy conversion gauge); Entropy/Symmetry Debt (loss of intrinsic motion and non-local gauge "c") |
Fractional Charges: Color Charge (partial charge asymmetry); Asymptotic Freedom; Quark Confinement; Flavor Charge: (least bound energy, nucleon "isospin"); "Yukawa Mesons" |
"Identity" Charge: Neutrinos; (neutrinos are "bare" identity charges); ("anonymity" asymmetry - distinguishable elementary particles); Neutrino Parity Asymmetry (lost antimatter) |
|||

Field Vectors(due to charges of row 3); (symmetry conservation via the conversion of bound to free energy); bosons; (retiring the debt); (row 4) |
Photons; Exothermic Chemical Reactions; Matter-Antimatter Annihilation Reactions ("Big Bang" and Suppression of Virtual Particles) |
Gravitons: Stars, Supernovas, Quasars; Nucleosynthesis; Black Holes; Hawking's "Quantum Radiance"; Gravitational Conversion of Mass to Light |
Gluons, Mesons: Fusion, Nucleosynthesis; Proton Decay |
Intermediate Vector Bosons (IVBs: W, Z, X); Fission, Radioactivity; Particle and Proton Decay |
|||

John A. Gowan and August T.
Jaccaci May, 2014 |

(This article has been
translated into French by Silvia Moraru. Many thanks,
Silvia! See link below):

http://www.reservedeler-online.co.no/education/table-simple-de-la-theorie-du-champ-unifie-mode-rationnel/

This table may be read like an English paragraph:

**Row one:** recapitulates the the creation of
matter in the "Big Bang". The universe begins with light, free
electromagnetic energy - a perfectly symmetric form of energy.
The role of gravity at this stage is to provide sufficient
negative energy to counterbalance the positive energy of the
"Creation Event", such that the Cosmos is born from a state of
zero net energy and charge. The intrinsic motion of light (which
serves as both the entropy drive and the symmetry gauge of
light) creates space, the expanding and cooling
entropy/conservation domain of free energy. The interaction of
(very) high-energy light with the metric structure of spacetime
creates virtual particle-antiparticle pairs of primordial
leptoquarks (leptoquarks are primordial leptons broken into
three subunits, the quarks). (See: "The Particle
Table".) Symmetry is maintained so long as there are equal
numbers of particles vs antiparticles. Row one ends with
symmetry-breaking of the primordial leptoquark pairs and the
production of single (matter) baryons and leptons by the action
of the Higgs boson and the weak force Intermediate Vector Bosons
(IVBs). (See: "Table of the
Higgs Cascade".) (Although leptoquark
particle-antiparticle pairs are produced in equal numbers,
electrically neutral antimatter leptoquarks apparently decay at
a slightly faster rate than their matter counterparts.) The
sub-elementary quarks carry fractional charges necessary to the
production of electrically neutral leptoquarks, allowing the
neutrals to live long enough to undergo asymmetric weak force
decays. These decays should also produce leptoquark neutrinos,
which are "dark matter" candidates. (See: "The Origin of
Matter and Information".)

We note here that the necessary connection between
the leptons and hadrons is through the leptoquarks - the
heaviest member of the leptonic spectrum - so heavy, in fact,
that it splits into 3 parts under the self-repulsion of its own
electric charge, finding a lower energy state in 3 partial
charges of lesser magnitude (hence terminating the leptonic
spectrum). From the perspective of the "Anthropic Principle"
(the universe must be so constructed as to allow the existence
of our life form), we need the fractional charges of the quarks
to provide electrically neutral mass carriers (heavy analogs of
the neutron), that can live long enough to undergo asymmetric
weak force decays, and we need three families of quarks to
generate sufficient numbers of these neutral combinations so
that asymmetric decays will be generated with sufficient
probability to produce our matter-only universe - the "Great
Asymmetry" to which we we owe our existence. Ours is an
electromagnetic universe of free and bound forms of
electromagnetic energy (matter and light - as we learn from
annihilation reactions), and hence to the "Great Asymmetry" of
stand-alone matter we may add the "Great Gauge" of the invariant
electromagnetic constant "c", and the "Great Charge" of the
invariant electric charge. In this regard, it should be noted
that light itself (in the form of virtual photons) is the field
vector or force carrier of electric charge. We therefore see
light protecting its own symmetric energy state through electric
charge and matter-antimatter annihilation reactions - especially
including annihilations between virtual particle-antiparticle
pairs.

**Row two**: here we find the massive matter
products of row-one symmetry-breaking. Row two conserves the raw
energy of row one. Atomic matter is an alternative, asymmetric,
local, temporal, causal, bound form of electromagnetic energy.
Mass is the conserved form of light's raw energy (h*v* =
mcc); time is the conserved form of light's entropy drive
(intrinsic motion); charge (of various types) is the conserved
form of light's various symmetries. "Velocity c" gauges the
invariance of the "Interval" and causality, including "Lorentz
Invariance", the covariance of space and time in Einstein's
Special Relativity. Gravity creates time by the annihilation of
space and the extraction of a metrically equivalent temporal
residue (General Relativity); the intrinsic motion of time goes
on to produce historic spacetime. (See: "The
Conversion of Space to Time".) Time is a necessary
dimensional parameter for massive objects because of their
relative motion and causal relations. (See: "Entropy,
Gravitation, and Thermodynamics".) Atoms are composed of
two classes of particles, the mass-carrying quarks and the
charge-carrying leptons. Gluons are necessary to confine the
fractionally charged quarks to whole quantum unit charge
combinations. (See: "The Strong Force:
Two Expressions".) Leptons are necessary as alternative
charge carriers for the massive quarks, balancing their charges
in place of antiparticles, thus avoiding annihilation reactions.
Electrons are alternative carriers of electric charge, neutrinos
are alternative carriers of the weak force "identity" charge.
Mesons are alternative carriers of quark partial charges. The
elaborate weak force Higgs and IVB mechanism is necessary to
reproduce *single,* invariant elementary particles
anytime, anywhere. Elementary particles created today must be
the same in every respect as those created eons ago during the
"Big Bang". It is the creation of *single* invariant
elementary particles that is the difficulty posed to and
overcome by the massive mechanism of the weak force. (See: "The Higgs Boson
and the Weak Force Mechanism".) (See also: "Identity
Charge and the Weak Force".)

**Row three:** exhibits the charges carried
by the massive matter particles produced by symmetry-breaking in
row one. Whereas row 2 conserves the raw energy of row 1, row
three conserves the symmetry of row 1. *The charges of matter
are the symmetry debts of light.* Noether's Theorem states
that the symmetry of light must be conserved, no less than the
raw energy of light; the quality of light is conserved no less
than its quantity. Charge conservation = symmetry conservation.
Charge conservation allows the symmetry of light to be carried
into the time dimension where it can be stored in an alternative
form (charge) and repaid at any future time through annihilation
with an appropriate anticharge - thus returning the material
system to the symmetric state of light which originally created
it. Gravity pays the entropy-"interest" on the symmetry debt of
matter by creating a time dimension (via the annihilation of
space) in which matter's charges can be stored and eventually
repaid. (Gravity pays the energy-"principle" on matter's
symmetry debt in row 4.) The spatial expansion of the cosmos is
reduced as gravity annihilates space and converts the spatial
entropy drive of light into the historical entropy drive of
matter. Time and history function for causal matter as
alternative forms of light's entropy conservation domain
(space), just as mass is an alternative form of light's energy,
and charge is an alternative form of light's symmetry.

Each of the four forces of physics is produced by a charge which can be traced to a broken symmetry - a "symmetry debt" of light. This is the conceptual unification of the forces: they all represent symmetry debts of light (including gravity, which is both a symmetry and an entropy debt of light). (See: "The Double Conservation Role of Gravity".) Electric charge is due to the absence of antimatter (the "Great Asymmetry" - itself due to a rate-of-decay asymmetry in the weak force), and to light's broken dimensional symmetry (2- and 3-dimensional symmetric space vs 4-dimensional asymmetric spacetime). Gravity is due to light's broken spatial distribution symmetry (light's broken "non-local" symmetric energy state), plus light's broken symmetric entropy drive (light's intrinsic motion), both gauged by "velocity c", and both broken by the local, immobile, undistributed mass-energy of matter. The strong force color charge is due to the fractional charges of the quarks, which threaten the quantum currency (whole quantum charge units) of the symmetry debts themselves. The weak force is due to light's broken "anonymity": all photons are alike, but elementary particles are not and therefore have an "identity" charge (AKA "number" charge) (neutrinos are "bare" identity charges which carry a "parity asymmetry" due to the absence of antimatter: all neutrinos have "left-handed" spin, all anti-neutrinos have "right-handed" spin). Magnetism is a "local gauge symmetry" expression of the electromagnetic force which protects the invariance of electric charge in relative motion. Analogs of magnetism's local gauge function in the other forces include the covariance of time and space ("Lorentz Invariance") protecting causality, velocity c, and the "Interval" (Special and General Relativity); quark confinement by gluons, protecting unitary quantum charges (strong force); and the massive weak force IVBs, protecting the invariance of elementary particle "singlets", whenever or wherever they are produced. Maintaining the invariance of matter's various charges (symmetry debts) in 4-dimensional spacetime (against relative motion, variable gravitational metrics, and the erosion of entropy) is the daily task of the field vectors of the four forces - in addition to actually repaying the debts (as in matter-antimatter annihilations). (See: "The Tetrahedron Model of the Unified Field Theory".) (See also: "Local vs Global Gauge Symmetry in the Tetrahedron Model".)

**Row 4:** in this row we list the payment
modes of light's symmetry debts by the 4 forces - forces are the
demand for payment of the symmetry debts held by the charges of
matter. Row four repays all the symmetry, energy, and entropy
debts incurred by symmetry-breaking in row one. Payments include
partial as well as complete payments. In the electrical force we
have exothermic chemical reactions and matter-antimatter
annihilation reactions; in the gravitational force we find
numerous astrophysical forces converting bound to free energy,
(nucleosynthesis, supernovas, quasars) culminating in Hawking's
"quantum radiance" of black holes. As high-energy gravity repays
its symmetry debt (converting mass to light), gravity reverses
the effect of its own low-energy reaction, which paid matter's
entropy debt (by the conversion of space to time). This reversal
reduces the total cosmic gravitational field (due to mass
reduction), allowing the spatial expansion to recover a portion
of its original acceleration (observed recently as the
"acceleration" of the cosmos due to "dark energy"). Gravity pays
the energy-"principle" of light's symmetry debt through the
conversion of bound to free energy, as in the stars. The vanishing of
gravity as mass is converted to light is the vital clue
regarding gravity's symmetry-conserving role in the natural
economy of today's universe - the force vanishes only when its
conservation role is accomplished. In the strong force we have
fusion and the nucleosynthetic pathway of stars, and ultimately
proton decay; and in the weak force we find fission,
radioactivity, contributions to the nucleosynthetic pathway, and
particle and proton decay. Presumably "dark matter" also
participates in some type of symmetry conservation cycle. "Dark
matter" may consist of leptoquark anti-neutrinos, or some type
of "metric
particle" produced during the "Big Bang". For more
details, see: "Symmetry
Principles of the Unified Field Theory".

**email:
jag8@cornell.edu
johngowan@earthlink.net
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