Speculations Concerning Dark
Matter and the Weak Force
John A. Gowan
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(This article has been translated
into French - many thanks to Kate Bondareva - see link below:)
It seems possible that "dark matter" may also be a form of "metric particle" created during the "Planck era" of quantum gravity early in the "Big Bang". In this scenario "dark matter" particles are formed through the compression of the spacetime metric by gravity at the same time the "Y" IVBs of the weak force are creating fractured primordial leptons (leptoquarks). "Metric particles" would be bosons carrying no charges other than gravitational "location" charge and hence (unfortunately) would be undetectable except in gravitationally significant aggregations. Their mass might be variable above a quantized minimum with a halflife inversely proportional to their mass, and their decays might likewise be continuous ("erosive") rather than the usual "all or nothing" of ordinary particles.
"Metric particles" are not miniature black holes; nevertheless, these are particles created by gravity rather than the electric, weak, or strong forces and are perhaps similar to the massive "Z" IVB of the weak force, or to massive photons. They function to absorb excess energy during the violent creation of the universe, perhaps acting as a "safety valve" or "buffer" preventing damage to the spacetime metric, and/or regulating the amount of primordial energy that is actually converted to ordinary particles ("baryonic matter"). That these particles apparently do not form star-like aggregations suggests they must (like neutrinos) be born with sufficient inertial energy to prevent it.
The eventual decay of "metric" particles
directly to pure photons (without the emission of neutrinos)
would contribute to the progressive reduction of the total
gravitational field energy of the cosmos and hence to the
observed "acceleration" of the expansion of the universe. In
this case "dark matter" and "dark energy" are indeed connected,
as both are gravitational phenomena, and the latter is simply
the absence of the gravitational field energy of the former.
Since these particles can only be detected "en mass" via their
gravitational influence, almost nothing in the above scenario is
testable, and however plausible, must remain in the realm of
In other papers I
suggest that "dark matter" consists of heavy leptoquark
anti-neutrinos, but both are of course possible, and
neither, it seems, is testable (since leptoquarks (also like
"metric particles") exist only at very high energy in the early
micro-moments of the "Big Bang"). However, if we could observe "proton decay"
we should see (evidence for) a leptoquark neutrino. (Article
updated Oct. 2017)