Essays on General Systems, Fractals, Symmetry, Cosmology, Theory of Everything, Time, Gravity, Entropy, Weak and Strong Forces, the Four Forces of Physics, Science and Religion, Life, the Human Condition
by John A. Gowan
What we see is not Nature in itself, but Nature exposed to our method of questioning - W. C. Heisenberg
The conceptual basis of the Unified Field Theory as presented in these pages is summarized below:
"Noether's Theorem" states that in a multicomponent field such as the electromagnetic field (or the metric field of spacetime), symmetries are associated with conservation laws and vice versa. In matter, light's (broken) symmetries are conserved by charge and spin; in spacetime, light's symmetries are protected by inertial forces, and conserved (when broken) by gravitational forces. All forms of energy originate as light; matter carries charges which are the symmetry/entropy debts of the light which created it (both concepts are required to fully integrate gravity - which has a double conservation role - with the other forces). Charges produce forces which act to return the material system to its original symmetric state (light), repaying matter's symmetry/entropy debts. Repayment is exampled by any spontaneous interaction producing net free energy, including: chemical reactions and matter-antimatter annihilation reactions; radioactivity, particle and proton decay; the nucleosynthetic pathway of stars, and Hawking's "quantum radiance" of black holes. Identifying the broken symmetries of light associated with each of the 4 charges and forces of physics is the first step toward a conceptual unification.See: the "Tetrahedron Model" (simple version) (diagram)
The charges of matter are the symmetry debts of light. In weak gravitational fields (as on planet Earth), gravity only pays the entropy "interest" on the symmetry debt of matter, converting space to time, providing an alternative entropic dimension (history) in which charge conservation (and causality) can have an extended significance. In stronger fields (as on our Sun), gravity also pays the "principal" of matter's symmetry debt, converting mass to light; this latter reaction goes to completion via Hawking's "quantum radiance" of black holes.
The symmetry-conserving requirement of charge invariance (and of "Lorentz invariance" in Special Relativity) is the key to understanding the local action of the forces, including the quantization of charge and other conserved parameters.
While atomic nuclei promote symmetry conservation through an exothermic nucleosynthetic pathway in stars, their associated electron shells create life through a negentropic chemical pathway on planets. Using energy and heavy elements ultimately provided by gravity, the information pathway of biology is the means whereby the universe becomes aware of and experiences itself, including evolving new modes of creativity. Carbon with its multiple 4x3 fractal resonances (5) is the crucial link between the abiotic and biotic metrics of the Cosmos.
Note: Many papers listed above and in the "Tables, Diagrams, and Misc. Papers" section are archived on the Webcitation Archive and on the Vixra Archive; a few (4) are also located on the arXiv for Physics (Cornell University).